How To Write A Conclusion For A Research Paper
The purpose and content of the research paper is summarized in the conclusion. It must be done with finesse so that it doesn’t come across as boring, dry or repetitive. In general, conclusions share several major elements. If you know the right strategies, you can use them to craft a very effective conclusion. You should also know the downfalls which could weaken your research paper’s conclusion and ultimately sink it.
Writing tips for conclusions
- It is crucial to restate the topic, even only briefly to remind the reader why it is important. This should not take up a large amount of time or space.
- Restating your thesis is the next essential element. The thesis is an exact, precise view of the topic. Use different words so that it is not an exact replica of the sentence you used in the introduction.
- Give a brief summary of the main points. In essence, you are reminding the reader what you just told them in the body of your research paper. You could slightly re-word the topic sentence of each of the major paragraphs of the paper. Supporting details do not need to be repeated. Information that is vital to your argument should never be presented for the first time in the conclusion.
- Show the reader how everything adds up. In other words give the reader a sense of why all your points are significant.
- If a call to action is warranted, it can be done in the conclusion. Not all research papers would need this step; for example a critical essay on a piece of literature would not need this step, but a research paper on the effects of video games on teenagers might effectively use a call to action.
Strategies for more effective conclusions
Use some of the following tactics to inject some potency into your conclusion:
- Synthesize the information. This is similar to the presentation you made in the introduction, but it repeats it using different words to cement the idea into the reader’s mind and make a final strong and memorable statement.
- Speculation. This is effective for papers that don’t have an obvious answer. This can be used to sway the reader’s opinion, or show how your own opinion has been swayed. Don’t be afraid to indicate that further research is required to shed more light on the yet unanswered questions.
- Pose a question instead of handing the reader the answer on a silver platter. This strategy demands the reader to formulate their own conclusion.